The short supply, volatile price, and environmental impact associated with conventional fuels created opportunity for the first generation of biofuels. However, competition with the food supply forced fuel producers to explore lignocellulosic feedstocks, while favorable economics shift the focus to waste and natural gas feedstocks. Oil and gas companies, agribusiness firms, chemical companies, automakers, and others are capitalizing on this trend today, investing in alternative fuel solutions such as natural gas vehicles, waste-to-fuel, cellulosic ethanol, and gas-to-liquids.
To capitalize on the Alternative Fuel opportunity, companies should:
  • Identify breakthroughs in feedstock, process, and novel fuel production
  • Establish relationships throughout the value chain
  • Monitor and exploit geographies with favorable government support and available feedstock
  • Explore novel financing mechanisms to bring emerging technologies to market

Recently Profiled Companies

  • Recycling Technologies

    Pyrolysis of waste plastics to hydrocarbon products

    Apr 18, 2017

  • Finrenes

    Cellulosic material pretreatment for biogas production

    Apr 18, 2017

  • Benson Hill Biosystems

    Developing gene discovery platform, branded CropOS, utilizing machine learning

    Apr 17, 2017

  • Hazer Group

    Catalytic cracking of natural gas to produce hydrogen and graphite using iron-ore catalyst

    Apr 4, 2017

  • Vertimass

    Single-step catalytic conversion of ethanol to drop-in fuels

    Apr 4, 2017

  • Clean Energy Systems Inc.

    Develops oxy-fuel combustion systems for power generation

    Mar 21, 2017

  • Plastic Energy

    Pyrolysis of nonrecyclable plastic into diesel, kerosene, and naphtha

    Mar 21, 2017

  • White Dog Labs

    Mixotrophic fermentation platform for animal feed and specialty chemical production

    Mar 20, 2017

  • Renew Energy

    Designs turnkey biogas plants for anaerobic digestion of high-moisture feedstock

    Mar 7, 2017

  • Ergo Exergy

    Underground coal gasification for power generation

    Mar 7, 2017

  • ProCone

    Gasification system for syngas generation from waste feedstocks

    Feb 21, 2017

  • Catalytic Innovations

    Electrochemical systems for wastewater treatment and ethanol production from CO₂

    Feb 21, 2017

Download a sample company profile



  • Micro- and Macroalgae
  • Lignocellulosic material
  • Energy crops
  • Municipal solid waste (MSW)
  • Natural gas
  • Jatropha, switchgrass, energy cane


  • Pyrolysis, gasification, catalysis
  • Fermentation, synthetic biology
  • Preatreatment, steam explosion, acid hydrolysis
  • Torrefaction


  • Ethanol, gasoline/petrol
  • Butanol, methanol
  • Renewable diesel, biodiesel
  • Biojet
  • Biocoal
  • CNG, LNG
  • Synfuels
  • Biocrude
  • Hydrogen

End uses:

  • Automotive
  • Aviation
  • Industrial processes
  • Co-firing

Next steps